Background: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C8 is the major enzyme that metabolizes many xenobiotics, including the anti-cancer drug paclitaxel and anti-diabetic drug rosiglitazone. Genetic polymorphisms of the human CYP2C8 gene were identified in Korean population, and their effects on the phenotype were evaluated on the basis of the in vivo pharmacokinetics of rosiglitazone. Methods: We surveyed genetic variations in all exons, exon-intron junctions, and promoter region of human CYP2C8 gene from 306 unrelated healthy Koreans by using fluorescence two-dimensional gene scanning (TDGS) and sequence analyses. Pharmacokinetic parameters of rosiglitazone after 8 mg single dose in relation to the corresponding polymorphisms were estimated. Results: Genetic analysis revealed the existence of eleven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Two synonymous SNPs, three non-synonymous SNPs and one nucleotide deletion were identified in the coding region, two SNPs in intron, and three SNPs in promoter region. Allele frequencies of 324A>G, 370C>T (R124W) in exon2, 475delA (CYP2C8*5) in exon3, 917T>C (L306P) in exon6, 1171C>A (L391M), and 1230C>T in exon8 were 0.005, 0.002, 0.002, 0.002, 0.002, and 0.26, respectively. Three common SNPs, -411T>C, -370T>G, and -271C>A in the 5′-flanking region were frequent at 0.382, 0.330, and 0.116, respectively. The functional significance of the two upstream polymorphisms (CYP2C8*1C and *1D) and R124W and 475delA alleles was investigated in pharmacokinetics of rosiglitazone. Pharmacokinetic characteristics of rosiglitazone were not different in single heterozygous subject for either 370C>T or 475delA and in homozygous subjects for CYP2C8*1C and CYP2C8*1D, compared with homozygous wild type subjects. Conclusion: Although several genetic polymorphisms for CYP2C8 were identified in Koreans, there was no evidence that either upstream and non-synonymous SNPs gave rise to altered pharmacokinetics of rosiglitazone.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Journal of Korean Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics|
|State||Published - 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)