Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of broccoli sprouts on the suppression of prostate cancer in transgenic adenocarcinoma of mouse prostate (TRAMP) Mice: Implication of induction of Nrf2, HO-1 and apoptosis and the suppression of Akt-dependent kinase pathway

Young Sam Keum, Tin Oo Khor, Wen Lin, Guoxiang Shen, Ki Han Kwon, Avantika Barve, Wenge Li, Ah Ng Kong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: In the present study, we have evaluated the pharmacokinetics and the in vivo prostate chemopreventive activity of broccoli sprouts. Methods: The in vivo pharmacokinetic profiles of sulforaphane (SFN) and SFN- glutathione (GSH) conjugate in rats after oral administration of 200 mg and 500 mg broccoli sprouts were analyzed. Next, 8-week old TRAMP mice were fed with dietary broccoli sprouts at two dosages (60 and 240 mg/mouse/day) for 16 weeks, and the mice were sacrificed to examine the pharmacodynamic response on prostate tumor and some biomarkers. Results: SFN was readily released and conjugated with GSH in the rats after oral administration of broccoli sprouts. TRAMP mice fed with 240 mg broccoli sprouts/mouse/day exhibited a significant retardation of prostate tumor growth. Western blot analysis revealed that the expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1, cleaved-Caspase-3, cleaved-PARP and Bax proteins were increased, but that of Keap1 and Bcl-XL proteins were decreased. In addition, the phosphorylation and/or the expression level of Akt and its downstream kinase and target proteins, e.g. mTOR, 4E-BP1 and cyclin D1, were reduced. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that broccoli sprouts can serve as a good dietary source of SFN in vivo and that they have significant inhibitory effects on prostate tumorigenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2324-2331
Number of pages8
JournalPharmaceutical Research
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Broccoli sprout
  • Nrf2
  • Prostate cancer
  • Sulforaphane
  • TRAMP mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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