Background: ING-1 is a high-affinity, human engineered™ monoclonal antibody that recognizes a 40 kilodalton epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) glycoprotein that is expressed in high levels on most adenocarcinomas and is an attractive target for immunotherapy. Methods:ING-1 was administered subcutaneously weekly at doses between 0.1 and 2 mg/kg/week. Pharmacokinetic samples were drawn during weeks 1 and 6. Results: Fourteen patients with advanced refractory cancer received a median of 6 (range 1-9) doses of ING-1. At 1 mg/kg, a 62-year-old man with colon cancer developed reversible grade 3 pancreatitis after the third dose. His plasma ING-1 levels were similar to the other two patients dosed at 1 mg/kg. Two patients dosed at 0.6 mg/kg experienced stable disease at 6 weeks. Peak drug levels increased with dose and time, suggesting drug accumulation with repeated dosing. Low human anti-human antibody response was noted in three of the 13 patients assessed and was directed towards the variable region of ING-1. Conclusions: Weekly ING-1 administered subcutaneously was well tolerated at 0.6 mg/kg/week and further experience at this dose is warranted to demonstrate safety. The risk of pancreatitis and the marginal anti-tumor effect may preclude further monotherapy studies; however, combination studies with chemotherapy are warranted.
- Phase I
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