Purpose: To evaluate the impact of preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) on cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) in IVF cycles. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of the SART CORS database, comparing CLBR for patients using autologous oocytes, with or without PGT-A. The first reported autologous ovarian stimulation cycle per patient between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2015, and all linked embryo transfer cycles between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2016, were included in the study. Exclusion criteria were donor oocyte cycles, donor embryo cycles, gestational carrier cycles, cycles which included both a fresh embryo transfer (ET) combined with a thawed embryo previously frozen (ET plus FET), or cycles with a fresh ET after PGT-A. Results: A total of 133,494 autologous IVF cycles were analyzed. Amongst patients who had blastocysts available for either ET or PGT-A, including those without transferrable embryos, decreased CLBR was noted in the PGT-A group at all ages, except ages > 40 (p < 0.01). A subgroup analysis of only those patients who had PGT-A and a subsequent FET, excluding those without transferrable embryos, demonstrated a very high CLBR, ranging from 71.2% at age < 35 to 50.2% at age > 42. Rates of multiple gestations, preterm birth, early pregnancy loss, and low birth weight were all greater in the non-PGT-A group. Conclusions: PGT-A was associated with decreased CLBR amongst all patients who had blastocysts available for ET or PGT-A, except those aged > 40. The negative association of PGT-A use and CLBR per cycle start was especially pronounced at age < 35.
- Preimplantation genetic testing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Reproductive Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Developmental Biology