Persistent hypogammaglobulinemia in pediatric solid organ transplant recipients

Rebecca Pellett Madan, Rhiannon R. Penkert, Sherri L. Surman, Bart G. Jones, James Houston, Jacqueline M. Lamour, Marcela Del Rio, Betsy C. Herold, Julia L. Hurwitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Hypogammaglobulinemia has not been well studied in pediatric solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. We evaluated plasma immunoglobulin (Ig) and lymphocyte phenotypes among 31 pediatric heart and kidney recipients for two years post-transplant and from 10 non-transplanted children. Methods: Plasma IgM, IgG, and IgA were quantified by immunoturbidimetric assays, IgG subclasses were quantified by bead-based multiplex immunoassay, and lymphocyte phenotypes were assessed by flow cytometry. Results: Median age at transplant for SOT recipients was similar to that of the control cohort (15 vs. 12.5 years, respectively; P =.61). Mean plasma IgG and IgM levels for SOT recipients fell significantly below the control cohort means by 1 month post-transplant (P <.001 for both) and remained lower than control levels at 12-18 months post-transplant. Heart recipients had lower frequencies of a CD4+ naïve T lymphocytes relative to kidney recipients. Conclusions: Hypogammaglobulinemia was prevalent and persistent among pediatric SOT recipients and may be secondary to immunosuppressive medications, as well as loss of thymus tissue and CD45RA+ CD4+ T cells in heart recipients. Limitations of our study include but are not limited to small sample size from a single center, lack of samples for all participants at every time point, and lack of peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples for the non-transplanted cohort.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere14021
JournalClinical Transplantation
Volume34
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • hypogammaglobulinemia
  • pediatric solid organ transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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