Perinatal energy stores and excessive fat deposition in genetically obese (fa/fa) rats

B. Meierfrankenfeld, M. Abelenda, H. Jauker, M. Klingenspor, E. E. Kershaw, S. C. Chua, R. L. Leibel, I. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

To find out whether perinatal differences in energy stores are essential for the phenotypic manifestation of the fa/fa genotype in 16-day-old rats, we investigated Zucker rats (13M) x Brown Norway (BN) hybrids. +/fa and fa/fa hybrids were identified by molecular polymorphisms ~1 cM from the fa locus. The fat content of all pups increased rapidly after birth, and differences between +/fa and fa/fa hybrid pups were significant in 7- and 16-day-old rats but not at 0, 1, and 4 days of age. For 16-day-old 13MBN hybrids as well as 13M Zucker rats, plots of carcass fat vs. body mass were closely fitted by parallel regression lines, with carcass fat similarily higher in fa/fa than +/fa pups of both strains. Fetal and neonatal plasma insulin concentration and hepatic glycogen in the 13MBN hybrid pups did not differ between +/fa and fa/fa littermates, nor did the hepatic and adipose tissue triglycerides in 24-h-old 13MBN hybrid pups. The manifest differences between fatty and lean 16-day-old pups thus do not depend on differences in perinatal energy stores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E700-E708
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume270
Issue number4 33-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Zucker rat x Brown Norway hybrids
  • adipose tissue
  • body composition
  • glycogen
  • insulin
  • newborn

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Meierfrankenfeld, B., Abelenda, M., Jauker, H., Klingenspor, M., Kershaw, E. E., Chua, S. C., Leibel, R. L., & Schmidt, I. (1996). Perinatal energy stores and excessive fat deposition in genetically obese (fa/fa) rats. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism, 270(4 33-4), E700-E708. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.1996.270.4.e700