Perceptions of community HIV/STI risk among u.S women living in areas with high poverty and HIV prevalence rates

Oni J. Blackstock, Paula Frew, Dorothy Bota, Linda Vo-Green, Kim Parker, Julie Franks, Sally L. Hodder, Jessica Justman, Carol E. Golin, Danielle F. Haley, Irene Kuo, Adaora A. Adimora, Anne Rompalo, Lydia Soto-Torres, Jing Wang, Sharon B. Mannheimer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although studies have consistently demonstrated that women at high risk for HIV and non- HIV sexually transmitted infections (STIs) tend to underestimate their individual risk, little is known about how women at risk perceive their community’s HIV/STI risk. We explored perceptions of community HIV/STI risk among U.S. women living in areas with high poverty and HIV prevalence rates as part of a qualitative substudy of the Women’s HIV SeroIncidence Study. Semi- structured focus groups were conducted. Data were coded and analyzed using the constant comparative method. Participants expressed the perception that their communities were at elevated HIV/STI risk, mostly due to contextual and structural factors such as lack of access to health care and education. Findings suggest that HIV prevention messages that target U.S. women at high risk for HIV may be strengthened by addressing the high perceived community HIV/STI risk driven by structural factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)811-823
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Volume26
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Fingerprint

Poverty
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
HIV
Health Services Accessibility
Focus Groups
Health Education
HIV Infections

Keywords

  • Community
  • HIV
  • Risk perception
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Blackstock, O. J., Frew, P., Bota, D., Vo-Green, L., Parker, K., Franks, J., ... Mannheimer, S. B. (2015). Perceptions of community HIV/STI risk among u.S women living in areas with high poverty and HIV prevalence rates. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 26(3), 811-823.

Perceptions of community HIV/STI risk among u.S women living in areas with high poverty and HIV prevalence rates. / Blackstock, Oni J.; Frew, Paula; Bota, Dorothy; Vo-Green, Linda; Parker, Kim; Franks, Julie; Hodder, Sally L.; Justman, Jessica; Golin, Carol E.; Haley, Danielle F.; Kuo, Irene; Adimora, Adaora A.; Rompalo, Anne; Soto-Torres, Lydia; Wang, Jing; Mannheimer, Sharon B.

In: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, Vol. 26, No. 3, 01.08.2015, p. 811-823.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Blackstock, OJ, Frew, P, Bota, D, Vo-Green, L, Parker, K, Franks, J, Hodder, SL, Justman, J, Golin, CE, Haley, DF, Kuo, I, Adimora, AA, Rompalo, A, Soto-Torres, L, Wang, J & Mannheimer, SB 2015, 'Perceptions of community HIV/STI risk among u.S women living in areas with high poverty and HIV prevalence rates', Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 811-823.
Blackstock, Oni J. ; Frew, Paula ; Bota, Dorothy ; Vo-Green, Linda ; Parker, Kim ; Franks, Julie ; Hodder, Sally L. ; Justman, Jessica ; Golin, Carol E. ; Haley, Danielle F. ; Kuo, Irene ; Adimora, Adaora A. ; Rompalo, Anne ; Soto-Torres, Lydia ; Wang, Jing ; Mannheimer, Sharon B. / Perceptions of community HIV/STI risk among u.S women living in areas with high poverty and HIV prevalence rates. In: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 2015 ; Vol. 26, No. 3. pp. 811-823.
@article{5f1523c98a8c4fd6b415bec8be2361c5,
title = "Perceptions of community HIV/STI risk among u.S women living in areas with high poverty and HIV prevalence rates",
abstract = "Although studies have consistently demonstrated that women at high risk for HIV and non- HIV sexually transmitted infections (STIs) tend to underestimate their individual risk, little is known about how women at risk perceive their community’s HIV/STI risk. We explored perceptions of community HIV/STI risk among U.S. women living in areas with high poverty and HIV prevalence rates as part of a qualitative substudy of the Women’s HIV SeroIncidence Study. Semi- structured focus groups were conducted. Data were coded and analyzed using the constant comparative method. Participants expressed the perception that their communities were at elevated HIV/STI risk, mostly due to contextual and structural factors such as lack of access to health care and education. Findings suggest that HIV prevention messages that target U.S. women at high risk for HIV may be strengthened by addressing the high perceived community HIV/STI risk driven by structural factors.",
keywords = "Community, HIV, Risk perception, Sexually transmitted infections, Women",
author = "Blackstock, {Oni J.} and Paula Frew and Dorothy Bota and Linda Vo-Green and Kim Parker and Julie Franks and Hodder, {Sally L.} and Jessica Justman and Golin, {Carol E.} and Haley, {Danielle F.} and Irene Kuo and Adimora, {Adaora A.} and Anne Rompalo and Lydia Soto-Torres and Jing Wang and Mannheimer, {Sharon B.}",
year = "2015",
month = "8",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "811--823",
journal = "Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved",
issn = "1049-2089",
publisher = "Johns Hopkins University Press",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perceptions of community HIV/STI risk among u.S women living in areas with high poverty and HIV prevalence rates

AU - Blackstock, Oni J.

AU - Frew, Paula

AU - Bota, Dorothy

AU - Vo-Green, Linda

AU - Parker, Kim

AU - Franks, Julie

AU - Hodder, Sally L.

AU - Justman, Jessica

AU - Golin, Carol E.

AU - Haley, Danielle F.

AU - Kuo, Irene

AU - Adimora, Adaora A.

AU - Rompalo, Anne

AU - Soto-Torres, Lydia

AU - Wang, Jing

AU - Mannheimer, Sharon B.

PY - 2015/8/1

Y1 - 2015/8/1

N2 - Although studies have consistently demonstrated that women at high risk for HIV and non- HIV sexually transmitted infections (STIs) tend to underestimate their individual risk, little is known about how women at risk perceive their community’s HIV/STI risk. We explored perceptions of community HIV/STI risk among U.S. women living in areas with high poverty and HIV prevalence rates as part of a qualitative substudy of the Women’s HIV SeroIncidence Study. Semi- structured focus groups were conducted. Data were coded and analyzed using the constant comparative method. Participants expressed the perception that their communities were at elevated HIV/STI risk, mostly due to contextual and structural factors such as lack of access to health care and education. Findings suggest that HIV prevention messages that target U.S. women at high risk for HIV may be strengthened by addressing the high perceived community HIV/STI risk driven by structural factors.

AB - Although studies have consistently demonstrated that women at high risk for HIV and non- HIV sexually transmitted infections (STIs) tend to underestimate their individual risk, little is known about how women at risk perceive their community’s HIV/STI risk. We explored perceptions of community HIV/STI risk among U.S. women living in areas with high poverty and HIV prevalence rates as part of a qualitative substudy of the Women’s HIV SeroIncidence Study. Semi- structured focus groups were conducted. Data were coded and analyzed using the constant comparative method. Participants expressed the perception that their communities were at elevated HIV/STI risk, mostly due to contextual and structural factors such as lack of access to health care and education. Findings suggest that HIV prevention messages that target U.S. women at high risk for HIV may be strengthened by addressing the high perceived community HIV/STI risk driven by structural factors.

KW - Community

KW - HIV

KW - Risk perception

KW - Sexually transmitted infections

KW - Women

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84940374752&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84940374752&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 811

EP - 823

JO - Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved

JF - Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved

SN - 1049-2089

IS - 3

ER -