Background: Patients with relapsed and refractory solid tumors have a poor prognosis. Recent advances in genomic technology have made it feasible to screen tumors for actionable mutations, with the anticipation that this may provide benefit to patients. Methods: Pediatric oncologists were emailed an anonymous 34-question survey assessing their willingness to offer a rebiopsy to patients with relapsed disease for the purpose of tumor genomic profiling. They were presented with two scenarios evaluating morbidity and invasiveness of the procedures using the clinical examples of medulloblastoma and Ewing sarcoma. Results: A total of 195 pediatric oncologists responded to the questionnaire. Morbidity and invasiveness of the procedure demonstrated significant differences in provider willingness to refer their patients for rebiopsy. The pretest probability was a major variable influencing provider willingness to offer a rebiopsy. Respondents were more likely to offer a rebiopsy if the likelihood was high that the results would have an impact on clinical management than if the biopsy was for histologic confirmation alone (mean 89 vs. 56 %; p = 0.017). Compared with the rate of a rebiopsy for histologic confirmation, significantly fewer providers were willing to offer a rebiopsy if they were led to believe the likelihood of finding an actionable mutation was low (mean 45 vs. 56 %; p = 0.021). Conclusion: The scenario showed that the pretest probability of finding an actionable mutation was influential in determining provider willingness to offer a rebiopsy for the purpose of tumor genomic profiling. Further research is warranted to evaluate the benefit of tumor genomic profiling in terms of patient outcomes.
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