This report reviews recent advances in seizure disorders in children. Correct diagnosis and classification of epilepsies aid in their work-up and management. Patients with a first unprovoked seizure do not need antiepileptic treatment. Children in status epilepticus need aggressive therapy starting with a benzodiazepine, preferably lorazepam. Febrile seizures usually do not require treatment. If indicated, phenobarbital is a safe and effective medication, but it does have significant side effects, including cognitive impairment. The side effects of newer antiepileptic medications are now recognized. Surgery many have an important role in the treatment of intractable seizure disorders.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health