Pectus excavatum in children with laryngomalacia

Daniel Schaerer, Jordan Virbalas, Elena Willis, Bianca Siegal, Nathan Gonik, John Bent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Laryngomalacia is the most common congenital laryngeal anomaly and is associated with several disorders including gastric reflux, sleep apnea, hypotonia and failure to thrive. Pectus excavatum (PE) is the most common chest wall deformity affecting 1-300/1000 individuals. Though many authors presume a relationship between PE and laryngomalacia, there is no published data to establish this association. Goal: To test the hypothesis that patients referred to our pediatric otolaryngology clinic for evaluation of laryngomalacia exhibit higher rates of PE than the general population. Methods: Retrospective review of prospectively enrolled children who presented with laryngomalacia (January 2008-June 2012) to a tertiary care, hospital based, pediatric otolaryngology practice. Each chart was examined for a concurrent diagnosis of pectus deformity. Results: Of the 137 laryngomalacia patients, 9 (6.6%) had documented PE. This represents a significantly increased rate of PE when compared to children without laryngomalacia (p= 0.001). Four of the 9 children with PE underwent supraglottoplasty for laryngomalacia, a significantly greater proportion than the 9/128 of the children with isolated laryngomalacia who underwent supraglottoplasty (p= 0.004). Conclusions: This study suggests an association between laryngomalacia and PE. Pediatric otolaryngologists should be cognizant of this relationship, though further studies are needed to elucidate the nature of this association.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1721-1723
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume77
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

Keywords

  • Laryngomalacia
  • Pectus excavatum
  • Pediatric otolaryngology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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