Patient-Reported Outcomes in the Phase III BRIGHTE Trial of the HIV-1 Attachment Inhibitor Prodrug Fostemsavir in Heavily Treatment-Experienced Individuals

Sarah Jane Anderson, Miranda Murray, David Cella, Robert Grossberg, Debbie Hagins, William Towner, Marcia Wang, Andrew Clark, Amy Pierce, Cyril Llamoso, Peter Ackerman, Max Lataillade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Heavily treatment-experienced (HTE) people living with HIV-1 (PLWH) have limited viable antiretroviral regimens available because of multidrug resistance and safety concerns. The first-in-class HIV-1 attachment inhibitor fostemsavir demonstrated efficacy and safety in HTE participants in the ongoing phase III BRIGHTE trial. Objectives: We describe patient-reported outcomes (PROs) through week 48. Methods: Eligible participants for whom their current regimen was failing were assigned to the randomized cohort (RC; one to two fully active agents remaining) or the nonrandomized cohort (NRC; no fully active agents remaining). PRO assessments included the EQ-5D-3L, EQ-VAS, and Functional Assessment of HIV Infection (FAHI) instruments. Results: Both cohorts achieved increases in EQ-5D-3L US- and UK-referenced utility score from baseline at week 24. Mean visual analog scale (VAS) scores in the RC and NRC increased from baseline by 8.7 (95% CI 6.2–11.2) and 5.6 points (95% CI 1.5–9.7) at week 24 and increased from baseline by 9.8 (95% CI 7.0–12.6) and 4.9 points (95% CI 0.6–9.2) at week 48, respectively. Mean increases in FAHI total score from baseline to weeks 24 and 48 in the RC were 6.9 (95% CI 4.2–9.7) and 5.8 (95% CI 2.7–9.0), respectively, whereas mean increases in physical and emotional well-being subscale scores were 2.7 (95% CI 1.9–3.6) and 2.4 (95% CI 1.3–3.4) and 3.2 (95% CI 2.2–4.2) and 2.6 (95% CI 1.6–3.7), respectively, with little to no change in other subscales. Conclusions: Improvements in major domains of the EQ-VAS and FAHI through week 48, combined with efficacy and safety results, support the use of fostemsavir for HTE PLWH. Trial Registration Number and Date: NCT02362503; February 13, 2015.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-143
Number of pages13
JournalPatient
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing (miscellaneous)

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