Parasitic diseases of the heart

Louis V. Kirchhoff, Louis M. Weiss, Murray Wittner, Herbert B. Tanowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The following chapter is one of a series of chapters in the volume entitled Infections of the Myocardium appearing in Frontiers in Bioscience. The full table of contents can be found at http://www.bioscience.org/current/special/ tanowitz.htm. In this chapter, we review several parasitic infections involving the myocardium and pericardium. The most widely studied parasitic infection affecting the heart is Chagas' disease or American trypanosomiasis. In this chapter we describe issues relating to Chagas' disease not covered in detail in other chapters. African trypanosomiasis may also cause a myocarditis. The protozoan parasite, Entamoeba histolytica rarely causes a pericarditis while Toxoplasma gondii may cause myocarditis, usually in immunocompromised hosts. The larval forms of the tapeworms Echinococcus and Taenia solium may cause space-occupying lesions of the heart. Severe infection with the nematode Trichinella spiralis may cause myocarditis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)706-723
Number of pages18
JournalFrontiers in Bioscience
Volume9
StatePublished - 2004

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Parasitic Diseases
Chagas Disease
Myocarditis
Myocardium
Taenia solium
Echinococcus
Nematode Infections
African Trypanosomiasis
Trichinella spiralis
Entamoeba histolytica
Cestoda
Pericarditis
Pericardium
Toxoplasma
Immunocompromised Host
Parasites
Infection

Keywords

  • Amebiasis
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Chagas' disease
  • Cysticercosis
  • Echinococcus
  • Endocardial fibroelastosis
  • Myocarditis
  • Parasites
  • Review
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Trichinosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Kirchhoff, L. V., Weiss, L. M., Wittner, M., & Tanowitz, H. B. (2004). Parasitic diseases of the heart. Frontiers in Bioscience, 9, 706-723.

Parasitic diseases of the heart. / Kirchhoff, Louis V.; Weiss, Louis M.; Wittner, Murray; Tanowitz, Herbert B.

In: Frontiers in Bioscience, Vol. 9, 2004, p. 706-723.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kirchhoff, LV, Weiss, LM, Wittner, M & Tanowitz, HB 2004, 'Parasitic diseases of the heart', Frontiers in Bioscience, vol. 9, pp. 706-723.
Kirchhoff LV, Weiss LM, Wittner M, Tanowitz HB. Parasitic diseases of the heart. Frontiers in Bioscience. 2004;9:706-723.
Kirchhoff, Louis V. ; Weiss, Louis M. ; Wittner, Murray ; Tanowitz, Herbert B. / Parasitic diseases of the heart. In: Frontiers in Bioscience. 2004 ; Vol. 9. pp. 706-723.
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