Paradoxical role of at-rich interactive domain 1a in restraining pancreatic carcinogenesis

Sammy Ferri-Borgogno, Sugata Barui, Amberly M. McGee, Tamara Griffiths, Pankaj K. Singh, Cortt G. Piett, Bidyut Ghosh, Sanchari Bhattacharyya, Aatur Singhi, Kith Pradhan, Amit K. Verma, Zac Nagel, Anirban Maitra, Sonal Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background & Aims: ARID1A is postulated to be a tumor suppressor gene owing to loss-of-function mutations in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAC). However, its role in pancreatic pathogenesis is not clear despite recent studies using genetically engineered mouse (GEM) models. We aimed at further understanding of its direct functional role in PDAC, using a combination of GEM model and PDAC cell lines. Methods: Pancreas-specific mutant Arid1a-driven GEM model (Ptf1a-Cre; KrasG12D; Arid1af/f or “KAC”) was generated by crossing Ptf1a-Cre; KrasG12D (“KC”) mice with Arid1af/f mice and characterized histologically with timed necropsies. Arid1a was also deleted using CRISPR-Cas9 system in established human and murine PDAC cell lines to study the immediate effects of Arid1a loss in isogenic models. Cell lines with or without Arid1a expression were developed from respective autochthonous PDAC GEM models, compared functionally using various culture assays, and subjected to RNA-sequencing for comparative gene expression analysis. DNA damage repair was analyzed in cultured cells using immunofluorescence and COMET assay. Results: Retention of Arid1a is critical for early progression of mutant Kras-driven pre-malignant lesions into PDAC, as evident by lower Ki-67 and higher apoptosis staining in “KAC” as compared to “KC” mice. Enforced deletion of Arid1a in established PDAC cell lines caused suppression of cellular growth and migration, accompanied by compromised DNA damage repair. Despite early development of relatively indolent cystic precursor lesions called intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs), a subset of “KAC” mice developed aggressive PDAC in later ages. PDAC cells obtained from older autochthonous “KAC” mice revealed various compensatory (“escaper”) mechanisms to overcome the growth suppressive effects of Arid1a loss. Conclusions: Arid1a is an essential survival gene whose loss impairs cellular growth, and thus, its expression is critical during early stages of pancreatic tumorigenesis in mouse models. In tumors that arise in the setting of ARID1A loss, a multitude of “escaper” mechanisms drive progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2695
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalCancers
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • DNA repair
  • Mouse model
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • SWI/SNF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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