Par1b promotes hepatic-type lumen polarity in Madin Darby canine kidney cells via myosin II- and E-cadherin-dependent signaling

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Abstract

Kidney-derived Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells form lumina at their apices, and target luminal proteins to an intracellular vacuolar apical compartment (VAC) when prevented from polarizing. Hepatocytes, by contrast, organize their luminal surfaces (the bile canaliculi; BC) between their lateral membranes, and, when nonpolarized, they display an intracellular luminal compartment that is distinct from the VACs of MDCK cells. Overexpression of the serine/threonine kinase Par1b/EMK1/MARK2 induces BC-like lateral lumina and a hepatic-type intracellular luminal compartment in MDCK cells, suggesting a role for Par1b in the branching decision between kidney- and hepatic-type epithelial phenotypes. Here, we report that Par1b promotes lateral lumen polarity in MDCK cells independently of Ca2+-mediated cell-cell adhesion by inhibiting myosin II in a rho kinase-dependent manner. Polarization was inhibited by E-cadherin depletion but promoted by an adhesion-defective E-cadherin mutant. By contrast, apical surface formation in control MDCK cells required Ca 2+-dependent cell-cell adhesion, but it occurred in the absence of E-cadherin. We propose that E-cadherin, when in an adhesion-incompetent state at the lateral domain, serves as targeting patch for the establishment of lateral luminal surfaces. E-cadherin depletion also reverted the hepatic-type intracellular luminal compartment in Par1b-MDCK cells to VACs characteristic of control MDCK cells, indicating a novel link between E-cadherin and luminal protein targeting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2203-2215
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes

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Myosin Type II
Madin Darby Canine Kidney Cells
Cadherins
Liver
Cell Adhesion
Bile Canaliculi
Kidney
rho-Associated Kinases
Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
Protein Transport
Hepatocytes
Phenotype
Membranes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Par1b promotes hepatic-type lumen polarity in Madin Darby canine kidney cells via myosin II- and E-cadherin-dependent signaling",
abstract = "Kidney-derived Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells form lumina at their apices, and target luminal proteins to an intracellular vacuolar apical compartment (VAC) when prevented from polarizing. Hepatocytes, by contrast, organize their luminal surfaces (the bile canaliculi; BC) between their lateral membranes, and, when nonpolarized, they display an intracellular luminal compartment that is distinct from the VACs of MDCK cells. Overexpression of the serine/threonine kinase Par1b/EMK1/MARK2 induces BC-like lateral lumina and a hepatic-type intracellular luminal compartment in MDCK cells, suggesting a role for Par1b in the branching decision between kidney- and hepatic-type epithelial phenotypes. Here, we report that Par1b promotes lateral lumen polarity in MDCK cells independently of Ca2+-mediated cell-cell adhesion by inhibiting myosin II in a rho kinase-dependent manner. Polarization was inhibited by E-cadherin depletion but promoted by an adhesion-defective E-cadherin mutant. By contrast, apical surface formation in control MDCK cells required Ca 2+-dependent cell-cell adhesion, but it occurred in the absence of E-cadherin. We propose that E-cadherin, when in an adhesion-incompetent state at the lateral domain, serves as targeting patch for the establishment of lateral luminal surfaces. E-cadherin depletion also reverted the hepatic-type intracellular luminal compartment in Par1b-MDCK cells to VACs characteristic of control MDCK cells, indicating a novel link between E-cadherin and luminal protein targeting.",
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AU - Cohen, David

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N2 - Kidney-derived Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells form lumina at their apices, and target luminal proteins to an intracellular vacuolar apical compartment (VAC) when prevented from polarizing. Hepatocytes, by contrast, organize their luminal surfaces (the bile canaliculi; BC) between their lateral membranes, and, when nonpolarized, they display an intracellular luminal compartment that is distinct from the VACs of MDCK cells. Overexpression of the serine/threonine kinase Par1b/EMK1/MARK2 induces BC-like lateral lumina and a hepatic-type intracellular luminal compartment in MDCK cells, suggesting a role for Par1b in the branching decision between kidney- and hepatic-type epithelial phenotypes. Here, we report that Par1b promotes lateral lumen polarity in MDCK cells independently of Ca2+-mediated cell-cell adhesion by inhibiting myosin II in a rho kinase-dependent manner. Polarization was inhibited by E-cadherin depletion but promoted by an adhesion-defective E-cadherin mutant. By contrast, apical surface formation in control MDCK cells required Ca 2+-dependent cell-cell adhesion, but it occurred in the absence of E-cadherin. We propose that E-cadherin, when in an adhesion-incompetent state at the lateral domain, serves as targeting patch for the establishment of lateral luminal surfaces. E-cadherin depletion also reverted the hepatic-type intracellular luminal compartment in Par1b-MDCK cells to VACs characteristic of control MDCK cells, indicating a novel link between E-cadherin and luminal protein targeting.

AB - Kidney-derived Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells form lumina at their apices, and target luminal proteins to an intracellular vacuolar apical compartment (VAC) when prevented from polarizing. Hepatocytes, by contrast, organize their luminal surfaces (the bile canaliculi; BC) between their lateral membranes, and, when nonpolarized, they display an intracellular luminal compartment that is distinct from the VACs of MDCK cells. Overexpression of the serine/threonine kinase Par1b/EMK1/MARK2 induces BC-like lateral lumina and a hepatic-type intracellular luminal compartment in MDCK cells, suggesting a role for Par1b in the branching decision between kidney- and hepatic-type epithelial phenotypes. Here, we report that Par1b promotes lateral lumen polarity in MDCK cells independently of Ca2+-mediated cell-cell adhesion by inhibiting myosin II in a rho kinase-dependent manner. Polarization was inhibited by E-cadherin depletion but promoted by an adhesion-defective E-cadherin mutant. By contrast, apical surface formation in control MDCK cells required Ca 2+-dependent cell-cell adhesion, but it occurred in the absence of E-cadherin. We propose that E-cadherin, when in an adhesion-incompetent state at the lateral domain, serves as targeting patch for the establishment of lateral luminal surfaces. E-cadherin depletion also reverted the hepatic-type intracellular luminal compartment in Par1b-MDCK cells to VACs characteristic of control MDCK cells, indicating a novel link between E-cadherin and luminal protein targeting.

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