Multiple lines of evidence have shown that the functional defect of pancreatic β cells is the root cause of type 2 diabetes. FoxO1, a key transcription factor of fundamental cellular physiology and functions, has been implicated in this process. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is still largely unknown. Here, we show that the overexpression of FoxO1 promotes the proliferation of cultured pancreatic β cells exposed to low nutrition, while no change in apoptosis was observed compared with the control group. Moreover, by using two specific inhibitors for PI3K andMAPK signaling, we found that FoxO1 might be the downstream transcription factor of these two pathways. Furthermore, a luciferase assay demonstrated that FoxO1 could regulate the expression of Ccnd1 at the transcription level. Collectively, our findings indicated that FoxO1 modulated by both MAPK and PI3K signaling pathways was prone to cause the proliferation, but not the apoptosis, of pancreatic β cells exposed to low nutrition, at least partially, by regulating the expression of Ccnd1 at the transcription level.
ASJC Scopus subject areas