Outcomes of arthroscopic treatment of osteochondritis dissecans of the capitellum and description of the technique

Steven M. Koehler, Amanda Walsh, Andrew J. Lovy, Jason S. Pruzansky, Dave R. Shukla, Michael R. Hausman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hypothesis: We hypothesize that a technique for all-arthroscopic fixation of capitellum osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions using suture fixation and autogenous iliac crest bone grafting offers a successful alternative to open internal fixation techniques as shown by 2-year validated patient-reported outcomes. Methods: Our technique uses arthroscopic all-inside suture fixation with iliac crest autogenous bone grafting. The procedure was performed on 4 elite-level, adolescent athletes presenting with 5 unstable capitellum OCD lesions resulting in elbow pain, limited range of motion, and decreased ability to play. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an unstable OCD lesion, which was correlated with arthroscopy. Postoperatively, patients were evaluated by the short version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire; Oxford Elbow and Mayo Elbow scores; visual analog scale; postoperative range of motion; and return to play. Results: Three female patients and one male patient aged 13 to 15 years underwent the procedure. The mean final follow-up period was 2.8 years. Union was achieved in all patients, as seen on magnetic resonance imaging at a mean of 3 months. At follow-up, the mean loss of extension was 2°. Mean flexion was 153°. There was no loss of supination or pronation. The mean score on the short version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire was 11. The mean Mayo Elbow score was 88. The mean Oxford Elbow score was 42. The mean visual analog scale score was 2. The mean time to return to play was 4 months. All patients continued to compete at an elite level. There were no infections or cases of fixation failure, and no patients required conversion to open surgery or needed revision surgery. Conclusion: Arthroscopic all-inside fixation of unstable OCD lesions is a successful technique, facilitating athletes to return to an elite level of play.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1607-1612
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • All inside
  • Arthroscopy
  • Case Series
  • Elbow
  • Level IV
  • Osteochondritis dissecans
  • Treatment Study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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