Outcomes in diabetic patients treated with SGLT2-Inhibitors with acute myocardial infarction undergoing PCI: The SGLT2-I AMI PROTECT Registry

Pasquale Paolisso, Luca Bergamaschi, Felice Gragnano, Emanuele Gallinoro, Arturo Cesaro, Celestino Sardu, Niya Mileva, Alberto Foà, Matteo Armillotta, Angelo Sansonetti, Sara Amicone, Andrea Impellizzeri, Giuseppe Esposito, Morici Nuccia, Oreglia Jacopo Andrea, Gianni Casella, Ciro Mauro, Dobrin Vassilev, Nazzareno Galie, Gaetano SantulliRaffaele Marfella, Paolo Calabrò, Carmine Pizzi, Emanuele Barbato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: To investigate in-hospital and long-term prognosis in T2DM patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with SGLT2-I versus other oral anti-diabetic agents (non-SGLT2-I users). Methods: In this multicenter international registry all consecutive diabetic AMI patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention between 2018 and 2021 were enrolled and, based on the admission anti-diabetic therapy, divided into SGLT-I users versus non-SGLT2-I users. The primary endpoint was defined as a composite of cardiovascular death, recurrent AMI, and hospitalization for HF (MACE). Secondary outcomes included i) in-hospital cardiovascular death, recurrent AMI, occurrence of arrhythmias, and contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI); ii) long-term cardiovascular mortality, recurrent AMI, heart failure (HF) hospitalization. Results: The study population consisted of 646 AMI patients (with or without ST-segment elevation): 111 SGLT2-I users and 535 non-SGLT-I users. The use of SGLT2-I was associated with a significantly lower in-hospital cardiovascular death, arrhythmic burden, and occurrence of CI-AKI (all p < 0.05). During a median follow-up of 24 ± 13 months, the primary composite endpoint, as well as cardiovascular mortality and HF hospitalization were lower for SGLT2-I users compared to non-SGLT2-I patients (p < 0.04 for all). After adjusting for confounding factors, the use of SGLT2-I was identified as independent predictor of reduced MACE occurrence (HR=0.57; 95%CI:0.33–0.99; p = 0.039) and HF hospitalization (HR=0.46; 95%CI:0.21–0.98; p = 0.041). Conclusions: In T2DM AMI patients, the use of SGLT2-I was associated with a lower risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes during index hospitalization and long-term follow-up. Our findings provide new insights into the cardioprotective effects of SGLT2-I in the setting of AMI. Registration: Data are part of the observational international registry: SGLT2-I AMI PROTECT. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05261867.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106597
JournalPharmacological Research
Volume187
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Arrhythmias
  • HF hospitalization
  • Outcomes
  • SGLT2-I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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