Outcomes After Surgical Resection of Early-stage Lung Adenocarcinomas With Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Mutations

Oliver S. Chow, Jonathan Villena-Vargas, Abu Nasar, Brian Sun, Sebron Harrison, Benjamin Lee, Jeffrey L. Port, Nasser K. Altorki, Brendon M. Stiles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Routine mutation profiling for resected lung cancers is not widespread despite an increasing array of targeted therapies. We report the incidence of epidermal growth factor receptor mutations (EGFRmu+) in resected lung adenocarcinomas and their outcomes at a large North American cancer center to characterize this population now eligible for targeted adjuvant therapy. Methods: Among 1036 pulmonary resections performed between 2015 and 2019, 647 patients (62%) had adenocarcinomas that underwent molecular profiling by next-generation sequencing. Clinical and pathologic characteristics, along with survival, were analyzed. Results: EGFRmu+ were identified in 238 patients (37%). Patients with EGFRmu+ were more likely to be Asian than those with EGFR wild-type (79/238 [33%] vs 37/409 [9%], respectively; P < .001) and more likely to be never-smokers (115/238 [48%] vs 73/409 [18%], P < .001). However, most patients with EGFRmu+ in our cohort were White (45%) and had a history of smoking (52%). A statistically nonsignificant trend was observed toward improved 3-year overall survival for pathologic stage IB to III cancers with EGFRmu+ (91% vs 77%, P = .09). Patients with pathologic stage IB lung cancers with EGFRmu+ had a 97% rate of 3-year disease-free survival, with only 1 recurrence in the first 3 years of follow-up. EGFR mutation subtype was not associated with survival differences. Conclusions: Although Asians and never-smokers comprised a disproportionately large group of patients with lung adenocarcinomas with EGFRmu+, most EGFR mutations within our cohort were found in patients who were White or with a smoking history, supporting a routine rather than selective approach to mutation profiling. Patients with surgically resected stage IA and IB lung adenocarcinomas enjoy excellent survival regardless of their mutational status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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