Introduction: Hepatitis C (HCV) cirrhosis is the prevalent liver disease requiring liver transplantation in the United States. Candidates who also have end-stage renal disease, chronic renal disease stage 4, or prolonged hepatorenal syndrome are considered for combined liver and kidney transplantation (CLKT). Materials and methods: We performed a retrospective study of HCV(+) and HCV(-) CLKT patients with more than 12 months of follow-up and HCV(+) patients with isolated liver transplant (OLT) to compare the outcomes of various groups. Results: Since 1988, 2983 OLTs were performed at our institution including 58 CLKTs. Of these, 23 were HCV(+) subjects who were significantly older than HCV(-) CLKT patients. Race, pretransplant dialysis time, renal indication for CLKT, Model for End-stage Liver Disease score, donor age, liver and kidney rejection as well as occurrence of posttransplant hypertension were similar among HCV(+) and HCV(-) CLKT patients. Posttransplant diabetes was observed in 80% of the HCV(+) group and 30% of the HCV(-) group (P = .01). Renal function seemed to be better in HCV(-) when compared with HCV(+) subjects at 5 years (P = .09). Overall patient survival for HCV(+) CLKT, HCV(-) CLKT, and HCV(+) OLT groups at 1, 2, and 5 years were not significantly different (P = .6). Conclusion: HCV positivity should not exclude appropriate candidates for CLKT.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Jun 2009|
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