Introduction: Patients with Turner syndrome (TS) have craniofacial malformations, such as Eustachian tube hypoplasia and dysfunction and velar dysfunction, which foster acute otitis media. The aim of this study was to inventory pediatric otologic disorders in patients with TS at their first ENT consultation in our center. Patients and methods: We reviewed the ENT consultation data of pediatric TS patients followed in our center between 2005 and 2015: otoscopy, hearing threshold, and history of acute otitis media or ENT surgery. Data were compared according to karyotype: X monosomy (45,X), mosaic (45,X/46,XX), isochromosome (46,Xi [Xq]), X ring chromosome X (XrX), with Y material, and “other”. Results: Ninety patients, with mean age 11.9 years (± 4.8 years) at first ENT consultation, were included: 29% showed tympanic abnormality on otoscopy, 21% had hearing loss, 24% had history of recurrent acute otitis media; 18% had undergone adenoidectomy, 24% T-tube insertion, and 5.6% tympanoplasty. No particular karyotype was associated with higher risk of hearing loss or acute otitis media. Conclusion: Patients with TS showed high prevalence of pediatric otologic disorders; they therefore require close and prolonged ENT follow-up.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases|
|State||Published - Feb 2018|
- Hearing loss
- Turner syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas