Osteosarcoma

Richard Gorlick, Chand Khanna

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

107 Scopus citations

Abstract

It has been difficult to identify the molecular features central to the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma owing to a lack of understanding of the cell or origin, the absence of identifiable precursor lesions, and its marked genetic complexity at the time of presentation. Interestingly, several human genetic disorders and familial cancer syndromes, such as Li-Fraumeni syndrome, are linked to an increased risk of osteosarcoma. Association of these same genetic alterations and osteosarcoma risk have been confirmed in murine models. Osteosarcoma is associated with a variety of genetic abnormalities that are among the most commonly observed in human cancer; it remains unclear, however, what events initiate and are necessary to form osteosarcoma. The availability of new resources for studying osteosarcoma and newer research methodologies offer an opportunity and promise to answer these currently unanswered questions. Even in the absence of a more fundamental understanding of osteosarcoma, association studies and preclinical drug testing may yield clinically relevant information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)683-691
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Osteosarcoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Gorlick, R., & Khanna, C. (2010). Osteosarcoma. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 25(4), 683-691. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.77