Wear particles produced from artificial joint prostheses are known to cause macrophage-monocyte lineage cells to produce proosteoclastogenic cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. The specific molecular mechanism, however, is not yet known. Bioinformatic analysis showed that the promoter region of TNF-α has several consensus sequences for NFAT binding. Consequently, we examined the role of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) in TNF-α production. Our investigation has shown that treatment with titanium nanoparticles increased TNF-α gene expression along with TNF-α protein secretion in murine macrophage-like RAW264.7 and primary monocyte-macrophage cells. Titanium particle-induced TNF-α induction was inhibited by VIVIT, a peptide inhibitor that targets the calcineurin/NFAT axis, which suggests that NFAT mediates metallic particle-induced TNF-α expression in monocyte-macrophage lineage cells.
- Wear particle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- History and Philosophy of Science