Orthopedic implant particle-induced tumor necrosis factor-α production in macrophage-monocyte lineage cells is mediated by nuclear factor of activated T cells

Hiroshi Minematsu, Mike J. Shin, Ayse B. Celil Aydemir, Wook Seo Sung, Won Kim Dae, Theodore A. Blaine, Fernando Macián, Jay Yang, Francis Young In Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations


Wear particles produced from artificial joint prostheses are known to cause macrophage-monocyte lineage cells to produce proosteoclastogenic cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. The specific molecular mechanism, however, is not yet known. Bioinformatic analysis showed that the promoter region of TNF-α has several consensus sequences for NFAT binding. Consequently, we examined the role of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) in TNF-α production. Our investigation has shown that treatment with titanium nanoparticles increased TNF-α gene expression along with TNF-α protein secretion in murine macrophage-like RAW264.7 and primary monocyte-macrophage cells. Titanium particle-induced TNF-α induction was inhibited by VIVIT, a peptide inhibitor that targets the calcineurin/NFAT axis, which suggests that NFAT mediates metallic particle-induced TNF-α expression in monocyte-macrophage lineage cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-150
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007



  • Macrophage
  • NFAT
  • Osteolysis
  • TNF-α
  • Wear particle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

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