Relapsing polychondritis is characterized by recurrent inflammation of the cartilaginous tissues of the ears, nose, peripheral joints, and the tracheobronchial tree. The eye is also a frequent target organ in relapsing polychondritis, and proptosis is a well-recognized manifestation of eye involvement. Similar to other rheumatologic diseases, an association of relapsing polychondritis with malignancy has been reported. We describe a patient with relapsing polychondritis who presented with exophthalmos. When treatment directed toward control of her underlying disease was only partially effective, further investigation revealed that she had an orbital mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT)-type B cell lymphoma. We hypothesize that the lymphoma resulted from malignant transformation of the relapsing polychondritis - induced inflammatory pseudotumor and emphasize that neoplastic disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis in patients with relapsing polychondritis presenting with exophthalmos.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Arthritis and Rheumatism|
|State||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pharmacology (medical)