Oral Human Papillomavirus Associated With Differences in Oral Microbiota Beta Diversity and Microbiota Abundance

Yuehan Zhang, Gypsyamber D'Souza, Carole Fakhry, Elaine O. Bigelow, Mykhaylo Usyk, Robert D. Burk, Ni Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although cervicovaginal microbiome has been associated with cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, little is known regarding the association of oral microbiome with oral HPV, a cause of oropharyngeal cancer. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 495 participants from the Men and Women Offering Understanding of Throat HPV study was conducted. 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing was performed on saliva samples. HPV DNA in oral rinse samples was tested. Associations of oral microbiome diversity, taxon abundance, and predicted functional pathways with oral HPV were assessed, adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, education, human immunodeficiency virus, current smoking, and sequencing batch. RESULTS: Participants with oral HPV (n = 68) compared with those without HPV had similar oral microbiome alpha-diversity yet different beta-diversity (Bray-Curtis distance for bacterial taxa, P = .009; functional pathways, P = .02). Participants with oral HPV had higher abundance of Actinomycetaceae, Prevotellaceae, Veillonellaceae, Campylobacteraceae, Bacteroidetes, and lower abundance of Gemellaceae (false discovery rate <0.10). We also found differential functional potential of oral microbiome by oral HPV status: xenobiotic biodegradation-related pathways were less abundant among participants with oral HPV, suggesting potential xenobiotic-induced toxic effects with implications for HPV susceptibility. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest a shift in oral microbiome community structure, composition, and functional potential between individuals with and without oral HPV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1098-1108
Number of pages11
JournalThe Journal of infectious diseases
Volume226
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 21 2022

Keywords

  • functional pathways
  • oral HPV
  • oral microbiome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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