Oral glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity are unaffected by HIV infection or antiretroviral therapy in overweight women

Ann Danoff, Qiuhu Shi, Jessica Justman, Kathleen Mulligan, Nancy Hessol, Esther Robison, Dalian Lu, Tania Williams, Paula Wichienkuer, Kathryn Anastos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Objective: To assess the frequency of diabetes, prediabetes, and insulin resistance among a subset of participants in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). Design: Cross-sectional substudy nested within a prospective multicenter cohort study. Women underwent 75 g oral glucose tolerance testing. Diagnoses of diabetes and prediabetes were made according to the American Diabetes Association criteria, and insulin resistance was determined by area under the curve insulin and homeostasis model assessment values. Setting: Six urban clinical sites in the United States (Brooklyn, NY; Bronx, NY; Washington, DC; Chicago, IL; San Francisco, CA; Los Angeles, CA) participate in the entire WIHS. The Bronx, NY, and San Franscisco, CA, WIHS sites participated in this substudy. Participants: A total of 258 women, 88 HIV negative, 74 HIV positive not on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), and 96 HIV positive taking HAART were enrolled in the study. Main Outcomes: Prevalence of diabetes, prediabetes, and insulin resistance was compared among the HIV-uninfected and HIV-infected women. Results: The frequency of diabetes, prediabetes, or insulin resistance was unrelated to HIV status or antiretroviral treatment. Increasing body mass index was the only characteristic associated with the combined endpoints of diabetes and prediabetes (odds ratio = 1.104, P = 0.0002). Conclusions: Routine oral glucose tolerance testing of HIV-infected women is not supported by these findings. Elucidation of putative perturbations from HIV or antiretroviral medications requires direct studies of insulin resistance and β-cell function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-62
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1 2005


  • Diabetes
  • HIV
  • Highly active antiretroviral therapy
  • Insulin resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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