Oral fluconazole compared with bladder irrigation with amphotericin B for treatment of fungal urinary tract infections in elderly patients

Laurie G. Jacobs, Ember A. Skidmore, Katherine Freeman, David Lipschultz, Nina Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fungal urinary tract infections are increasingly prevalent in the elderly in acute and chronic care settings. This randomized trial compares the efficacy and safety of oral fluconazole with the efficacy and safety of bladder irrigation with amphotericin B for treatment of funguria (≥>10,000 cfu/mL of urine) in 109 hospitalized elderly patients. A second treatment course was given for persistent funguria. Indwelling bladder catheters were present in 69% of the patients. While Candida albicans was the predominant isolate from catheterized patients, C. albicans, Candida tropicalis, and Torulopsis glabrata were recovered from noncatheterized patients. Two days after completion of treatment, fungaria was eradicated in 96% of the patients treated with amphotericin B and 73% of those treated with fluconazole (P < .05). At 1 month after study enrollment, the mortality rate associated with all causes was greater among patients who were treated with amphotericin B bladder irrigation than among those who received oral fluconazole therapy (41% vs. 22%, respectively; P < .05); this finding suggests that local therapy may be associated with poorer survival. The proportion of patients without funguria at 1 month after study enrollment was similar in the two treatment groups (84%, amphotericin B group; 80%, fluconazole group). A few minor and mild adverse events occurred.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-35
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume22
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1996

Fingerprint

Fluconazole
Amphotericin B
Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary Bladder
Candida glabrata
Candida albicans
Therapeutics
Candida tropicalis
Safety
Indwelling Catheters
Urine
Survival
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Oral fluconazole compared with bladder irrigation with amphotericin B for treatment of fungal urinary tract infections in elderly patients. / Jacobs, Laurie G.; Skidmore, Ember A.; Freeman, Katherine; Lipschultz, David; Fox, Nina.

In: Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 22, No. 1, 01.1996, p. 30-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jacobs, Laurie G. ; Skidmore, Ember A. ; Freeman, Katherine ; Lipschultz, David ; Fox, Nina. / Oral fluconazole compared with bladder irrigation with amphotericin B for treatment of fungal urinary tract infections in elderly patients. In: Clinical Infectious Diseases. 1996 ; Vol. 22, No. 1. pp. 30-35.
@article{38f2abccac3046c68ad4f70d9bf701a9,
title = "Oral fluconazole compared with bladder irrigation with amphotericin B for treatment of fungal urinary tract infections in elderly patients",
abstract = "Fungal urinary tract infections are increasingly prevalent in the elderly in acute and chronic care settings. This randomized trial compares the efficacy and safety of oral fluconazole with the efficacy and safety of bladder irrigation with amphotericin B for treatment of funguria (≥>10,000 cfu/mL of urine) in 109 hospitalized elderly patients. A second treatment course was given for persistent funguria. Indwelling bladder catheters were present in 69{\%} of the patients. While Candida albicans was the predominant isolate from catheterized patients, C. albicans, Candida tropicalis, and Torulopsis glabrata were recovered from noncatheterized patients. Two days after completion of treatment, fungaria was eradicated in 96{\%} of the patients treated with amphotericin B and 73{\%} of those treated with fluconazole (P < .05). At 1 month after study enrollment, the mortality rate associated with all causes was greater among patients who were treated with amphotericin B bladder irrigation than among those who received oral fluconazole therapy (41{\%} vs. 22{\%}, respectively; P < .05); this finding suggests that local therapy may be associated with poorer survival. The proportion of patients without funguria at 1 month after study enrollment was similar in the two treatment groups (84{\%}, amphotericin B group; 80{\%}, fluconazole group). A few minor and mild adverse events occurred.",
author = "Jacobs, {Laurie G.} and Skidmore, {Ember A.} and Katherine Freeman and David Lipschultz and Nina Fox",
year = "1996",
month = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "30--35",
journal = "Clinical Infectious Diseases",
issn = "1058-4838",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Oral fluconazole compared with bladder irrigation with amphotericin B for treatment of fungal urinary tract infections in elderly patients

AU - Jacobs, Laurie G.

AU - Skidmore, Ember A.

AU - Freeman, Katherine

AU - Lipschultz, David

AU - Fox, Nina

PY - 1996/1

Y1 - 1996/1

N2 - Fungal urinary tract infections are increasingly prevalent in the elderly in acute and chronic care settings. This randomized trial compares the efficacy and safety of oral fluconazole with the efficacy and safety of bladder irrigation with amphotericin B for treatment of funguria (≥>10,000 cfu/mL of urine) in 109 hospitalized elderly patients. A second treatment course was given for persistent funguria. Indwelling bladder catheters were present in 69% of the patients. While Candida albicans was the predominant isolate from catheterized patients, C. albicans, Candida tropicalis, and Torulopsis glabrata were recovered from noncatheterized patients. Two days after completion of treatment, fungaria was eradicated in 96% of the patients treated with amphotericin B and 73% of those treated with fluconazole (P < .05). At 1 month after study enrollment, the mortality rate associated with all causes was greater among patients who were treated with amphotericin B bladder irrigation than among those who received oral fluconazole therapy (41% vs. 22%, respectively; P < .05); this finding suggests that local therapy may be associated with poorer survival. The proportion of patients without funguria at 1 month after study enrollment was similar in the two treatment groups (84%, amphotericin B group; 80%, fluconazole group). A few minor and mild adverse events occurred.

AB - Fungal urinary tract infections are increasingly prevalent in the elderly in acute and chronic care settings. This randomized trial compares the efficacy and safety of oral fluconazole with the efficacy and safety of bladder irrigation with amphotericin B for treatment of funguria (≥>10,000 cfu/mL of urine) in 109 hospitalized elderly patients. A second treatment course was given for persistent funguria. Indwelling bladder catheters were present in 69% of the patients. While Candida albicans was the predominant isolate from catheterized patients, C. albicans, Candida tropicalis, and Torulopsis glabrata were recovered from noncatheterized patients. Two days after completion of treatment, fungaria was eradicated in 96% of the patients treated with amphotericin B and 73% of those treated with fluconazole (P < .05). At 1 month after study enrollment, the mortality rate associated with all causes was greater among patients who were treated with amphotericin B bladder irrigation than among those who received oral fluconazole therapy (41% vs. 22%, respectively; P < .05); this finding suggests that local therapy may be associated with poorer survival. The proportion of patients without funguria at 1 month after study enrollment was similar in the two treatment groups (84%, amphotericin B group; 80%, fluconazole group). A few minor and mild adverse events occurred.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030033676&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030033676&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 30

EP - 35

JO - Clinical Infectious Diseases

JF - Clinical Infectious Diseases

SN - 1058-4838

IS - 1

ER -