Optimal rotation and screw positioning for initial glenosphere baseplate fixation in reverse shoulder arthroplasty

Bradford O. Parsons, Konrad I. Gruson, Kenneth J. Accousti, Raymond A. Klug, Evan L. Flatow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hypothesis: Critical to the longevity of the reverse shoulder arthroplasty is initial rigid fixation of the glenosphere, determined in part by baseplate screw fixation. We studied screw fixation in baseplates placed in several different orientations. Methods: Twelve, lightly-embalmed adult scapulae were implanted using a variable-angle and a fixed-angle baseplate. Baseplates were placed in three rotational positions: 1) 12/6 o'clock, 2) 20° rotation toward the coracoid, and 3) 20° rotation toward the scapular spine. Results: Superiorly, perpendicular screws for the variable-angle baseplate in the 12 o'clock (39.7 mm) and coracoid (37.7 mm) position and angled screws in the coracoid position (37.5 mm) were found to be the longest. Inferiorly, screws holes made perpendicular to the baseplate yielded the longest screw lengths (37.4 mm), while inferiorly angled screws were shorter, especially in the anterior-inferior glenoid (16.8 mm). Conclusions: Overall, baseplate rotation toward the spine yielded the lowest mean screw lengths. Proper initial rotation of the baseplate and screw orientation can optimize initial fixation of the glenosphere in reverse shoulder arthroplasty. Level of evidence: Level IV, Case Series, Treatment Study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)886-891
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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