Background and Purpose: Previously, we reported on development of an optically guided system for 3D conformal intracranial radiotherapy using multiple noncoplanar fixed fields. In this paper we report on the extension of our system for stereotactic fractionated radiotherapy to include intensity modulated static ports. Methods and Materials: A 3D treatment plan with maximum beam separation is developed in the stereotactic space established by an optically guided system. Gantry angles are chosen such that each beam has a unique entrance and exit pathway, avoids the critical structures, and has a minimal beam's eye view projection. Once, a satisfactory treatment plan is found using this geometric approach an inverse treatment plan is developed using the beam portals established previously. The purpose of adding inverse planing is two fold, on the one hand it allows further reduction of margins around the PTV, while on the other hand it affords the possibility of conformal avoidance of critical structures that are close to or about the PTV. Results: The use of the optically guided system in conjunction with intensity modulated noncoplanar radiotherapy treatment planning using fixed fields allows the generation of highly conformal treatment plans that exhibit smaller 90, 70, and 50% of prescription dose isodose volumes, improved PITV ratios, comparable or improved EUD, smaller NTDmean for the critical structures, and an inhomogeneity index that is within generally accepted limits. Conclusion: Because optically guided technology improves the accuracy of patient localization relative to the linac isocenter and allows real-time monitoring of patient position, the planning target volume needs to be corrected only for the limitations of image resolution. Intensity modulated static beam radiotherapy planning then provides the user the ability to further reduce margins on the PTV and to conform very closely to this smaller target volume, and enhances the normal tissue sparing, and high degree of conformality possible with 3D conformal radiotherapy. In addition, since optically guided technology affords improved patient localization and online monitoring of patient position during treatment delivery it allows for safe and efficient delivery of intensity modulated radiotherapy.
- Intensity modulated radiotherapy
- Mulitmodality imaging
- Optically and image guided techniques
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging