Background. Although acute cholecystitis is one of the most common indications for abdominal surgery in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), previous studies have reported disappointingly high morbidity and mortality among those patients who have undergone cholecystectomy. The aims of this study were to analyze the indications for and the outcome of cholecystectomy performed for acute cholecystitis in patients with AIDS. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed the hospital charts of 53 patients with AIDS who underwent open or laparoscopic cholecystectomy from 1992 to 1997. Statistical analysis using the chi-square, Student's t, and Fisher exact tests was conducted to determine whether cause of cholecystitis, type of surgical approach, and CD4+ T-lymphocyte count influenced outcome. Results. The clinical findings and imaging by ultrasonography were always reliable in establishing diagnosis and guiding treatment of acute cholecystitis. Open cholecystectomy was performed in 24 patients (45%). The procedure was begun laparoscopically in 29 patients (55%) and converted to open in 4 (14%). The pathologic findings showed acalculous cholecystitis in 19 patients (36%) and cholelithiasis in 32 (60%). Morbidity was 34% and mortality was 2%. Type of operative approach, cause of cholecystitis, and CD4+ T-lymphocyte count (greater or less than 50 cells/mm3) did not significantly affect morbidity and mortality. The length of hospital stay was significantly influenced by the CD4+ T-lymphocyte count. Conclusions. These findings suggest that in most patients with AIDS, laparoscopic or open cholecystectomy may be performed with significant but acceptable morbidity and low mortality.
ASJC Scopus subject areas