Oocyte-Specific Translational Control Mechanisms

Isabel Novoa, Carolina Eliscovich, Eulàlia Belloc, Raül Méndez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

During the growth period of oogenesis, meiotically-arrested oocytes accumulate large quantities of dormant mRNAs. Meiotic resumption is fully dependent on translation-regulation cascades of these maternal mRNAs. Not only the time of protein synthesis is finely regulated during this period, but the basic embryonic axis and the establishment of germ cells are also defined, through the localization of dormant mRNAs within the oocyte. The coordinated temporal and spatial regulation of the transcripts required to complete the two meiotic divisions, segregate correctly the chromosomes and establish the polarity in the egg, is orchestrated by RNA-binding proteins that recognize specific cis-acting elements in the 3'UTRs of groups of mRNAs implicated in similar functions. These RNA-binding proteins are organized in combinatorial networks stabilized by feedback loops that ensure unidirectional progression through meiosis to produce a functional egg.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOogenesis
Subtitle of host publicationThe Universal Process
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons
Pages199-226
Number of pages28
ISBN (Print)9780470696828
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 21 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 3'UTR
  • C3H-4 meiosis
  • CPEB
  • Cap-binding protein
  • Cytoplasmic-Polyadenylation
  • Deadenylation
  • MRNA-localization
  • RNA-binding proteis
  • Translational regulation
  • Translational-feedback loop

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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  • Cite this

    Novoa, I., Eliscovich, C., Belloc, E., & Méndez, R. (2010). Oocyte-Specific Translational Control Mechanisms. In Oogenesis: The Universal Process (pp. 199-226). John Wiley and Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470687970.ch8