Nutrition profiles of American women in the third trimester

Susan Gennaro, Babette Biesecker, Heidi Collins Fantasia, Minh Nguyen, David Garry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To develop a profile of common nutritional patterns among pregnant African American women that will assist healthcare providers in identifying areas for improvement and change. STUDY DESIGN: This study was part of a larger NIH-funded (R03NR008548-01) study that examined risk factors associated with preterm labor and birth in high- and low-risk African American women. Data were collected on high-risk mothers (women experiencing preterm labor) before 34 weeks gestation and every 4 weeks until birth. Data were also collected on the low-risk mothers beginning at 28 weeks and then every 4 weeks until birth. For this study, high- and low-risk groups were collapsed to examine food choices over time in all participants (n ≤ 58). METHODS: Nutrition intake was examined by conducting one 24-hour diet recall at each time point. Food models and portion size pictures were used to improve accuracy. RESULTS: Overall, dietary intake was suboptimal, and micro- and macronutrient intake during the third trimester did not vary. Energy (caloric) intake was inadequate with the time-averaged probability of having inadequate caloric intake 64.4%. Protein intake was the most likely nutritional factor to be inadequate with a time-averaged estimated probability of inadequate intake 25.1%. Micronutrient intake from food was also inadequate. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The persistence of suboptimal nutritional intake during the third trimester supports the importance of continually assessing nutritional status throughout pregnancy, with a focus on caloric requirements and protein intake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-126
Number of pages7
JournalMCN The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Keywords

  • Maternal nutritional physiology
  • Nutritional requirements
  • Pregnant women
  • Prenatal nutritional physiology
  • Vulnerable populations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (nursing)
  • Maternity and Midwifery

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