Human damage-specific DNA-binding (DDB) protein can be purified as a heterodimer (p48 and p127) that binds to DNA damaged by ultraviolet light. We report here the effects of UV irradiation on the cellular localization of each DDB subunit as a function of time using green fluorescent fusion proteins in three diploid fibroblast strains: repair-proficient IMR-90 and two repair-deficient xeroderma pigmentosum group E strains (XP95TO and XP3RO). Although p48 remained in the nucleus after UV irradiation, a dynamic nuclear accumulation of p127 from the cytoplasm was found after 24 h. In IMR- 90 cells, the nuclear localization of p127 corresponded to the up-regulation of p48 mRNA and protein levels and of DDB activity. XP3RO cells showed delayed but similar kinetics with less transport, whereas XP95TO cells appeared to have different kinetics, suggesting that these cells exhibit different defects in p127 translocation. We propose that p48 might act as the transporter for nuclear entry of p127 but that a third factor might be necessary for efficient transportation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jul 14 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology