Novel, high-yield red blood cell production methods from CD34-positive cells derived from human embryonic stem, yolk sac, fetal liver, cord blood, and peripheral blood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current supply of red blood cells expressing rare blood groups is not sufficient to cover all the existing transfusion needs for chronically transfused patients, such as sickle cell disease homozygous carriers, because of alloimmunization. In vitro production of cultured red blood cells is slowly emerging as a possible complement to the existing collection-based red blood cell procurement system. The yield of cultured red blood cells can theoretically be maximized by amplifying the stem, progenitor, or precursor compartment. Here, we combined methods designed to expand these three compartments to optimize the yield of cultured red blood cells and found that exposing CD34+ cells to a short pulse of cytokines favorable for erythroid differentiation prior to stem cell expansion followed by progenitor expansion produced the highest yield of erythroid cells. This novel serum-free red blood cell production protocol was efficient on CD34+ cells derived from human embryonic stem cells, 6 -8-week yolk sacs, 16 -18-week fetal livers, cord blood, and peripheral blood. The yields of cells obtained with these new protocols were larger by an order of magnitude than the yields observed previously. Globin expression analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography revealed that these expansion protocols generally yielded red blood cells that expressed a globin profile similar to that expected for the developmental age of the CD34+ cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)604-614
Number of pages11
JournalStem Cells Translational Medicine
Volume1
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Adult stem cells
  • Embryonic stem cells
  • Erythroid
  • Fetal human liver
  • Hematopoiesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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