Normative data for the Brief Spanish-English Verbal Learning Test for representative and diverse Hispanics/Latinos: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Jordana Breton, Ariana M. Stickel, Wassim Tarraf, Kevin A. Gonzalez, Alexandra J. Keamy, Neil Schneiderman, María J. Marquine, Zvinka Z. Zlatar, David P. Salmon, Melissa Lamar, Martha L. Daviglus, Richard B. Lipton, Linda C. Gallo, Zachary T. Goodman, Hector M. González

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Episodic learning and memory performance are crucial components of cognitive assessment. To meet the needs of a diverse Hispanic/Latino population, we aimed to provide normative data on the Brief Spanish-English Verbal Learning Test (B-SEVLT). Methods: The target population for the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) included individuals 45+ years old from Central American, Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and South American backgrounds. Average age was 56.5 years ± 9.92, 54.5% were female, and mean education was 11.0 years ± 5.6 (unweighted n = 9309). Participants were administered the B-SEVLT in their preferred language (Spanish or English). Hispanic/Latino background adjusted B-SEVLT scores and percentile cut-points were created using survey-adjusted regression models. Results: Higher educational attainment, younger age, and being female were associated with higher learning and memory performance. Hispanic/Latino background groups differed in B-SEVLT performance. Discussion: Representative learning and memory norms for Hispanic/Latinos of diverse backgrounds will improve cognitive assessment and accuracy of neurocognitive disorder diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12260
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Hispanic American
  • aging
  • disparities
  • memory
  • neuropsychology
  • sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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