Background: Peritoneal adhesions are the most common complication of the abdominal surgery. Normal saline is frequently used to rinse the peritoneal cavity during abdominal surgery, although there is no well-established data describing effect of such procedure on the process of formation of peritoneal adhesions. Methods: Effect of 0.9% NaCl solution on viability, oxidative stress, and fibrinolytic activity of human peritoneal mesothelial cells maintained in in vitro culture was evaluated. Results: Exposure of mesothelial cells to 0.9% NaCl induces oxidative stress, derangement of their structure with subsequent increased release of tissue factor (+75%) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (+19%), and simultaneous suppression of tissue plasminogen activator release (-39%). In effect, ration tissue plasminogen activator/plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 was reduced in 0.9% NaCl-treated cells by 50%. Pretreatment of cells with precursor of glutathione synthesis: l-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid prevented these changes. Conclusions: Oxidative stress in the peritoneal mesothelium caused by 0.9% NaCl activates their procoagulant activity and impairs fibrinolytic properties of these cells. These effects disqualify 0.9% NaCl as rinsing solution during abdominal surgery.
- Fibrinolytic activity
- Normal saline
- Oxidative stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health