Dopamine β-monooxygenase (EC 188.8.131.52) and chromogranin A from bovine adrenal chromaffin granules were purified by established procedures and examined for evidence of structural identity. The minimum molecular weights were determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and found to be 74,000 and 35,000, respectively. Amino acid analyses of the two proteins are distinct. Dopamine β-monooxygenase does not possess a free amino terminus, whereas chromogranin A has a leucine amino terminus. Analysis in the protein sequencer showed that chromogranin A contains only a single degradable polypeptide chain. Radioactive S-carboxymethyl derivatives of the two proteins were prepared to compare the soluble peptides after thermolysin digestion. These thermolytic peptides were isolated from columns of Dowex 50-X8 resin and both the peptide and radioactive traces revealed no evidence for similarity of the two proteins, either in toto or in part. Thus, although dopamine β-monooxygenase and chromogranin A may sometimes be copurified, they are distinct entities.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology