Non-reassuring fetal status in the prolonged pregnancy: The impact of fetal weight

G. Sylvestre, M. Fisher, M. Westgren, M. Y. Divon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the incidence of abnormal fetal findings and Cesarean delivery for non-reassuring fetal status as a function of birth weight in the uncomplicated prolonged pregnancy. Methods: Seven hundred and ninety-two patients at or beyond 41 weeks' gestation were managed expectantly. Population-specific birth-weight percentiles were calculated. Fetuses were retrospectively categorized as small (birth weight < 10th percentile), average (10th percentile ≤ birth weight ≤ 90th percentile) or large (birth weight > 90th percentile). The incidences of abnormal antepartum fetal testing results (i.e. oligohydramnios and/or abnormal non-stress testing) and Cesarean delivery for intrapartum non-reassuring fetal status were calculated for these three birth-weight categories. Results: There was a significant inverse relationship between the incidence of abnormal fetal testing and birth-weight category (36%, 14% and 9% for small, average and large fetuses, respectively, P < 0.001). Small fetuses were more likely to require a Cesarean delivery for non-reassuring fetal status during labor than were all other fetuses (12.3% vs. 5.3%, P = 0.024). Conclusions: The frequency of oligohydramnios and abnormal non-stress testing is inversely related to birth weight in the expectantly managed prolonged pregnancy. In addition, small fetuses born at or beyond 41 weeks' gestation have an increased rate of Cesarean delivery for intrapartum non-reassuring fetal status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-247
Number of pages4
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Cesarean delivery
  • Fetal heart rate
  • Oligohydramnios
  • Prolonged pregnancy
  • Small-for-gestational age

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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