Non-erythroid genes inserted on either side of human HS-40 impair the activation of its natural α-globin gene targets without being themselves preferentially activated

C. Esperet, S. Sabatier, M. A. Deville, R. Ouazana, E. E. Bouhassira, J. Godet, F. Morle, A. Bernet

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Abstract

The human α-globin gene complex includes three functional globin genes (5'-ζ2-α2-α1-3') regulated by a common positive regulatory element named HS-40 displaying strong erythroid-specific enhancer activity. How this enhancer activity can be shared between different promoters present at different positions in the same complex is poorly understood. To address this question, we used homologous recombination to target the insertion of marker genes driven by cytomegalovirus or long terminal repeat promoters in both possible orientations either upstream or downstream from the HS-40 region into the single human α-globin gene locus present in hybrid mouse erythroleukemia cells. We also used CRE recombinase-mediated cassette exchange to target the insertion of a tagged α-globin gene at the same position downstream from HS-40. All these insertions led to a similar decrease in the HS-40-dependent transcription of downstream human α-globin genes in differentiated cells. Interestingly, this decrease is associated with the strong activation of the proximal newly inserted α-globin gene, whereas in marked contrast, the transcription of the non-erythroid marker genes remains insensitive to HS-40. Taken together, these results indicate that the enhancer activity of HS-40 can be trapped by non-erythroid promoters in both upstream and downstream directions without necessarily leading to their own activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25831-25839
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number33
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 18 2000

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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