Nocardial infection as a complication of AIDS

Report of six cases and review

J. Kim, Grace Y. Minamoto, M. H. Grieco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nocardiosis has been increasingly recognized as a serious infection among persons who otherwise appear healthy and among those with underlying chronic disease, neoplasms, and immunosuppression. Nocardial infection as a complication of AIDS has been reported infrequently. Six patients with AIDS and nocardiosis were identified at one New York City hospital from January 1980 through March 1989. Sites of nocardial infection in these patients included the lungs, brain, esophagus, and suprarenal and paraspinal masses. Mycobacteria, fungi, viruses, and bacteria other than Nocardia species caused concomitant infections in three patients. Three patients died of nocardiosis. Because of such factors as the growth properties of Nocardia species, the presence of other organisms, the common use of sulfonamides for treatment of patients with AIDS, and a low index of suspicion among physicians, the incidence of nocardiosis as a complication of AIDS may possibly be underreported. Early recognition of nocardial infection may lead to an improved prognosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)624-629
Number of pages6
JournalReviews of Infectious Diseases
Volume13
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Nocardia Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Nocardia
Infection
Urban Hospitals
Sulfonamides
Mycobacterium
Immunosuppression
Esophagus
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Chronic Disease
Fungi
Viruses
Bacteria
Physicians
Lung
Incidence
Brain
Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Nocardial infection as a complication of AIDS : Report of six cases and review. / Kim, J.; Minamoto, Grace Y.; Grieco, M. H.

In: Reviews of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 13, No. 4, 1991, p. 624-629.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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