Nitric oxide releasing nanoparticles are therapeutic for Acinetobacter baumannii wound infections

Mircea Radu Mihu, Uriel Sandkovsky, George Han, Joel M. Friedman, Joshua D. Nosanchuk, Luis R. Martinez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acinetobacter baumannii (Ab) is a frequent cause of hospital acquired pneumonia and recently has increased in incidence as the causative agent of severe disease in troops wounded in Afghanistan and Iraq. Ab clinical isolates are frequently extremely resistant to antimicrobials, significantly complicating our capacity to treat infections due to this pathogen. Hence, the development of innovative therapeutics targeting mechanisms to which the bacteria are unlikely to evolve resistance is urgently needed. We examined the capacity of a nitric oxide-releasing nanoparticle (NO-np) to treat wounds infected with Ab. We found that the NO-nps were therapeutic in an experimental Ab murine wound model. Treatment with NO-nps significantly accelerated healing of infected wounds. Histological study demonstrated that NO-np treatment reduced suppurative inflammation, decreased microbial burden and reduced the degradation of collagen. Furthermore, NO-np treatment alters the local cytokine milieu. In sum, we demonstrated that the NO-nps are an easily administered topical antimicrobial for the treatment of Ab wound infections, and our findings suggest that NO-nps may also be ideal for use in combat or disaster situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-67
Number of pages6
JournalVirulence
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Acinetobacter baumanii
  • Cytokine
  • Nanoparticles
  • Nitric oxide
  • Wound infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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