Nitric oxide binding to the heme of neuronal nitric-oxide synthase links its activity to changes in oxygen tension

Husam M. Abu-Soud, Denis L. Rousseau, Dennis J. Stuehr

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Abstract

Neuronal nitric-oxide synthase (NOS-1) is a hemeprotein that generates NO and citrulline from L-arginine, O2, and NADPH. During catalysis, a majority of NOS-1 binds self-generated NO and converts to a ferrous-NO complex, which causes it to operate at a fraction of its maximum possible activity during the steady state (Abu-Soud, H. M., Wang, J., Rousseau, D. L., Fukuto, J., Ignarro, L. J. and Stuehr, D. J. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 22997-23006). To examine how NO complex formation affects the O2 response of NOS-1, we measured rates of NO synthesis and NADPH oxidation versus O2 concentration in the presence and absence of L-arginine. In the absence of L- arginine, NOS-1 catalyzed simple O2 reduction, and its heme iron displayed a typical affinity for O2 (estimated K(m) O2 ≤ 40 μM, saturation at ~100 μM). In the presence of L-arginine, the rates of NO synthesis and NADPH oxidation were proportional to the O2 concentration over a much broader range (estimated K(m) O2 ~400 μM, saturation at ~800 μM), indicating that ferrous-NO complex formation altered the O2 response of NOS-1. Stopped- flow experiments revealed that the rate of ferrous-NO complex formation was relatively independent of the O2 concentration between 100 and 700 μM, while the rate of complex breakdown was directly proportional to O2 concentration. We conclude that the O2 sensitivity of the ferrous-NO complex governs the O2 response of NOS-1 and thus its activity during the steady state. This enables NOS-1 to couple its rate of NO synthesis to the O2 concentration throughout the physiologic range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32515-32518
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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