Neurological considerations: Autism and Parkinson's disease

Eric Hollander, A. Ting Wang, Ashley Braun, Laura Marsh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Within the spectrum of disorders that manifest obsessive-compulsive (OC) features lies a sub-cluster of neurological conditions. Autism and Parkinson's disease (PD) are examples of two such neurological disorders that seem quite dissimilar on the surface. Yet, both conditions can include repetitive behaviors of a compulsive-impulsive nature. Furthermore, while autism and PD differ in other associated symptom domains that shape the course of each disorder, both disorders share some phenomenology in the core domain of repetitive behaviors and involve basal ganglia and frontal lobe dysfunction, similar to OC disorder (OCD). Accordingly, examination of the similarities and differences between autism and PD may provide insight into the pathophysiology and treatment of OC spectrum disorders. The current review focuses on the phenomenology, comorbidity, course of illness, family history, brain circuitry, and treatment of autism and PD, as they relate to OCD and OC spectrum disturbances.

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Keywords

  • Autism
  • Impulse Control Disorders
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive spectrum
  • Parkinson's disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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