Neuroinflammation and oxidative injury in developmental neurotoxicity

Dejan Milatovic, Snjezana Zaja-Milatovic, Rich M. Breyer, Michael Aschner, Thomas J. Montine

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Scopus citations


This chapter characterizes the processes of neuroinflammation and related oxidative injury and discusses alterations associated with developmental neurotoxicity. Neuroinflammation is characterized by a host of cellular and molecular changes within the brain. It investigates the effectiveness of drugs currently proposed to inhibit COX, and to suppress innate immune response and/or oxidative damage. The data furnished here imply that α-tocopherol offers broad protection in the cerebrum from oxidative damage. The increased state of neuroinflammation makes the aged brain more vulnerable to the disruptive effects of both intrinsic and extrinsic factors such as disease, infection, toxicants or stress. The exact pattern of cellular and molecular changes depends largely on the type and duration of the inflammatory challenge experienced by the organism. Neuroinflammation can result from classical injuries such as direct insult to the brain that occurs with trauma, encephalitis or ischemia, or from insults such as toxins or infection that follow exposure to bacteria. It is becoming increasingly evident that neuroinflammation and associated oxidative damage play a crucial role in the development and progression of brain diseases. Glia, and in particular microglia, are central to mediating the effects of neuroinflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationReproductive and Developmental Toxicology
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780123820327
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)


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