Neurocysticerosis: An Individualized Approach

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neurocysticercosis is an infection of the central nervous system by the larval stage of the pork tapeworm Taenia solium. The combination of modern diagnostic tests, use of antiparasitic drugs, improved anti-inflammatory treatments, and minimally invasive neurosurgery has improved outcomes in patients with neurocysticercosis. This parasitic infection is complex in both the clinical presentation and the treatment approach, which depends on the number of cysts, location in the brain, stage of degeneration, and host inflammatory response. Therapeutic interventions for each location are different; therefore, principles for managing parenchymal disease cannot be applied to extraparenchymal disease and should be individualized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-168
Number of pages16
JournalInfectious Disease Clinics of North America
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Keywords

  • Cysticercosis
  • Neurocysticercosis
  • Seizures
  • Taenia solium
  • Tapeworm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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