Hereditary folate malabsorption (HFM) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by systemic and central nervous system folate deficiency. Turkish siblings are reported with the clinical syndrome of HFM, homozygous for deletion of 2 bases (c.204-205 delCC) within the first exon of the proton-coupled folate transporter (PCFT) gene, causing a frameshift. Low blood and cerebrospinal fluid folate levels were detected at ages 3.5 and 1 month. Treatment with parenteral 5-formyltetrahydrofolate resulted in normal development now at ages 3 and 1 year. Extending current knowledge on the phenotypic manifestations of HFM and the PCFT mutation spectrum will provide opportunities to define possible genotype-phenotype correlations and clarify the basis for the phenotypic variability that is characteristic of this disorder.
- Folate deficiency
- Hereditary folate malabsorption
- Megaloblastic anemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health