Mutation of a conserved proline disrupts the retinal-binding pocket of the X-linked cone opsins.

Harry Ostrer, M. A. Kazmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To test the effects of disruption of a conserved proline in the green cone opsin molecule on light-activated isomerization, transducin activation, protein accumulation, glycosylation, and transport. METHODS: Stable cell lines were established by transfecting EBNA-293 cells with a plasmid containing wild-type or mutant (P307L) green opsin cDNA molecules. The proteins were induced by culturing the cells in the presence of CdCl2 and analyzed by spectra, transducin activation, Western blotting, and immunocytochemistry. RESULTS: The P307L mutation diminished ability of the visual pigment to absorb light at the appropriate wavelength and to activate transducin. Protein glycosylation and transport to the cell membrane were unaffected. Although there was some diminution in the accumulation of the opsin, this was insufficient to account for the observed effect. CONCLUSIONS: Like rhodopsin, the formation of the cone opsins visual pigments is dependent on the binding of retinal into a hydrophobic pocket that is formed by the second and fourth transmembranous loops. Disruption of a conserved proline near the retinal binding site represents a cause of color vision deficiency that is unrelated to spectral shifts of the photopigment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16
Number of pages1
JournalMolecular Vision
Volume3
StatePublished - Dec 29 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Cone Opsins
Transducin
Proline
Retinal Pigments
Protein Transport
Glycosylation
Mutation
Color Vision Defects
Opsins
Light
Cadmium Chloride
Rhodopsin
Plasmids
Complementary DNA
Western Blotting
Immunohistochemistry
Binding Sites
Cell Membrane
Cell Line
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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Mutation of a conserved proline disrupts the retinal-binding pocket of the X-linked cone opsins. / Ostrer, Harry; Kazmi, M. A.

In: Molecular Vision, Vol. 3, 29.12.1997, p. 16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "PURPOSE: To test the effects of disruption of a conserved proline in the green cone opsin molecule on light-activated isomerization, transducin activation, protein accumulation, glycosylation, and transport. METHODS: Stable cell lines were established by transfecting EBNA-293 cells with a plasmid containing wild-type or mutant (P307L) green opsin cDNA molecules. The proteins were induced by culturing the cells in the presence of CdCl2 and analyzed by spectra, transducin activation, Western blotting, and immunocytochemistry. RESULTS: The P307L mutation diminished ability of the visual pigment to absorb light at the appropriate wavelength and to activate transducin. Protein glycosylation and transport to the cell membrane were unaffected. Although there was some diminution in the accumulation of the opsin, this was insufficient to account for the observed effect. CONCLUSIONS: Like rhodopsin, the formation of the cone opsins visual pigments is dependent on the binding of retinal into a hydrophobic pocket that is formed by the second and fourth transmembranous loops. Disruption of a conserved proline near the retinal binding site represents a cause of color vision deficiency that is unrelated to spectral shifts of the photopigment.",
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N2 - PURPOSE: To test the effects of disruption of a conserved proline in the green cone opsin molecule on light-activated isomerization, transducin activation, protein accumulation, glycosylation, and transport. METHODS: Stable cell lines were established by transfecting EBNA-293 cells with a plasmid containing wild-type or mutant (P307L) green opsin cDNA molecules. The proteins were induced by culturing the cells in the presence of CdCl2 and analyzed by spectra, transducin activation, Western blotting, and immunocytochemistry. RESULTS: The P307L mutation diminished ability of the visual pigment to absorb light at the appropriate wavelength and to activate transducin. Protein glycosylation and transport to the cell membrane were unaffected. Although there was some diminution in the accumulation of the opsin, this was insufficient to account for the observed effect. CONCLUSIONS: Like rhodopsin, the formation of the cone opsins visual pigments is dependent on the binding of retinal into a hydrophobic pocket that is formed by the second and fourth transmembranous loops. Disruption of a conserved proline near the retinal binding site represents a cause of color vision deficiency that is unrelated to spectral shifts of the photopigment.

AB - PURPOSE: To test the effects of disruption of a conserved proline in the green cone opsin molecule on light-activated isomerization, transducin activation, protein accumulation, glycosylation, and transport. METHODS: Stable cell lines were established by transfecting EBNA-293 cells with a plasmid containing wild-type or mutant (P307L) green opsin cDNA molecules. The proteins were induced by culturing the cells in the presence of CdCl2 and analyzed by spectra, transducin activation, Western blotting, and immunocytochemistry. RESULTS: The P307L mutation diminished ability of the visual pigment to absorb light at the appropriate wavelength and to activate transducin. Protein glycosylation and transport to the cell membrane were unaffected. Although there was some diminution in the accumulation of the opsin, this was insufficient to account for the observed effect. CONCLUSIONS: Like rhodopsin, the formation of the cone opsins visual pigments is dependent on the binding of retinal into a hydrophobic pocket that is formed by the second and fourth transmembranous loops. Disruption of a conserved proline near the retinal binding site represents a cause of color vision deficiency that is unrelated to spectral shifts of the photopigment.

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