Multiple strokes and bilateral carotid dissections: A fulminant case of newly diagnosed Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Type IV

C. Dohle, J. M. Baehring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome is a rare group of inheritable disorders resulting in abnormal collagen production, leading to skin fragility, joint hypermobility and easy bruising. Six major subtypes have been identified, of which Type IV most often leads to neurovascular complications, may lead to inner organ rupture and overall has the worst prognosis. Early recognition followed by genetic testing is key, since this diagnosis will guide decision making in the management of complications, influence the choice of antiplatelet medications versus anticoagulants and allow for potentially affected family members to be identified, undergo genetic testing and reproductive counseling. We here report the case of a 50 year old woman with a fulminant presentation of Ehlers Danlos Syndrome Type IV, including bilateral carotid and vertebral artery dissection, multiple strokes and liver rupture. Of note, this patient did not have a known history or obvious clinical features of connective tissue disease. Genetic testing confirmed the diagnosis. Review of her family history revealed multiple family members with a history of aortic dissection or aneurysm rupture. This case illustrates that Ehlers Danlos Syndrome Type IV is an important differential diagnosis even in adult patients without a known history of connective tissue disease and no prior complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-170
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Volume318
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carotid dissection
  • Connective tissue disorders
  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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