Mucosal DNA vaccination with highly attenuated Shigella is superior to attenuated Salmonella and comparable to intramuscular DNA vaccination for T cells against HIV

William H. Vecino, Paul M. Morin, Rabia Agha, William R. Jacobs, Glenn J. Fennelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

An immunization strategy using attenuated bacteria to deliver DNA vaccine plasmids to mucosal sites may induce protective T cell responses against sexual HIV transmission. In a murine intranasal (i.n.) immunization model, we demonstrate that transiently persistent Δasd Shigella flexneri strain 15D harboring DNA vaccines induces HIV- and SIV-specific gamma interferon (IFN-γ) producing CD8+ T cells among splenocytes more efficiently than either a longer persisting ΔaroD Salmonella typhimurium strain SL7207 or transiently persistent S. typhi strain Ty21a harboring DNA vaccines. Also, the frequency of antigen-specific gamma interferon (IFN-γ) producing cells induced by Shigella 15D harboring a DNA vaccine were comparable to that induced by intramuscular (i.m.) immunization with purified DNA vaccine. Moreover, the magnitude of mucosal and systemic antigen-specific IgA and IgG responses after immunization were dependent upon the route (i.m. vs. i.n.) of inoculation, with i.n. Shigella 15D DNA vaccines generating higher levels of HIV-specific IgA in vaginal washings than i.m. purfied DNA vaccine. Δasd S. flexneri is a promising vector for mucosal DNA vaccine immunization against HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-204
Number of pages8
JournalImmunology Letters
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 3 2002

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Keywords

  • CD8+ T cells
  • DNA vaccines
  • HIV
  • Mucosal immunity
  • Recombinant bacteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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