MRIs Are Less Accurate Tools for the Most Critically Worrisome Pedicles Compared to CT Scans

Vishal Sarwahi, Terry Amaral, Stephen Wendolowski, Rachel Gecelter, Etan Sugarman, Yungtai Lo, Dan Wang, Beverly Ann Thornhill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Study Design Retrospective review of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomographic (CT) scan imaging modalities. Objective To determine MRI's capability of identifying pedicle morphology. Summary of Background Data Understanding pedicle morphology is important for accurate placement of pedicle screws. The gold standard modality to assess pedicle morphology is CT scan. However, CT scans carry the risk of radiation exposure. We have studied MRI as a potential alternative to CT scan. Methods Nine hundred seventy pedicles in 33 spinal deformity patients were reviewed. Pedicle morphology was classified as follows: Type A (normal pedicle): >4-mm cancellous channel; Type B: 2–4-mm channel; Type C: any size cortical channel; and Type D: <2-mm cortical or cancellous channel. Pedicles in the same patients were classified on both low-dose CT scan and MRI. Concordance and discordance rates of MRI relative to CT scan in classification of pedicles into types A, B, C, and D were calculated for the entire length of the thoracolumbar spine and subgrouped into spinal sections. All images were evaluated by a single fellowship-trained musculoskeletal radiologist. Results CT scan had 809 Type A, 126 Type B, 29 Type C, and 6 Type D pedicles. Group II (MRI) had 735 Type A, 203 Type B, 30 Type C, and 2 Type D pedicles. Analysis of the entire spinal column showed a concordance rate of 86.7% in classification of the pedicles into the 4 types. In the upper thoracic region, the concordance rate was 77.1%, main thoracic 85.5%, thoracolumbar 96%, and lumbar 98.1%. MRI has a poor overall accuracy for detecting Type C pedicles, only a 44.8% concordance with CT scan. MRI overcalls Type B pedicles, often calling Type A pedicles Type B. Conclusions MRI is an inferior alternative to CT scan as it has poor accuracy to properly detect pedicle abnormalities. The more severe the pedicle abnormality, the less diagnostic value the MRI has. Level of Evidence Level III, diagnostic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-406
Number of pages7
JournalSpine Deformity
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Spine
Thorax
Retrospective Studies

Keywords

  • CT
  • MRI
  • Pedicle screws
  • Radiation exposure
  • Screw placement
  • Spinal deformity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

MRIs Are Less Accurate Tools for the Most Critically Worrisome Pedicles Compared to CT Scans. / Sarwahi, Vishal; Amaral, Terry; Wendolowski, Stephen; Gecelter, Rachel; Sugarman, Etan; Lo, Yungtai; Wang, Dan; Thornhill, Beverly Ann.

In: Spine Deformity, Vol. 4, No. 6, 01.11.2016, p. 400-406.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sarwahi, Vishal ; Amaral, Terry ; Wendolowski, Stephen ; Gecelter, Rachel ; Sugarman, Etan ; Lo, Yungtai ; Wang, Dan ; Thornhill, Beverly Ann. / MRIs Are Less Accurate Tools for the Most Critically Worrisome Pedicles Compared to CT Scans. In: Spine Deformity. 2016 ; Vol. 4, No. 6. pp. 400-406.
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abstract = "Study Design Retrospective review of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomographic (CT) scan imaging modalities. Objective To determine MRI's capability of identifying pedicle morphology. Summary of Background Data Understanding pedicle morphology is important for accurate placement of pedicle screws. The gold standard modality to assess pedicle morphology is CT scan. However, CT scans carry the risk of radiation exposure. We have studied MRI as a potential alternative to CT scan. Methods Nine hundred seventy pedicles in 33 spinal deformity patients were reviewed. Pedicle morphology was classified as follows: Type A (normal pedicle): >4-mm cancellous channel; Type B: 2–4-mm channel; Type C: any size cortical channel; and Type D: <2-mm cortical or cancellous channel. Pedicles in the same patients were classified on both low-dose CT scan and MRI. Concordance and discordance rates of MRI relative to CT scan in classification of pedicles into types A, B, C, and D were calculated for the entire length of the thoracolumbar spine and subgrouped into spinal sections. All images were evaluated by a single fellowship-trained musculoskeletal radiologist. Results CT scan had 809 Type A, 126 Type B, 29 Type C, and 6 Type D pedicles. Group II (MRI) had 735 Type A, 203 Type B, 30 Type C, and 2 Type D pedicles. Analysis of the entire spinal column showed a concordance rate of 86.7{\%} in classification of the pedicles into the 4 types. In the upper thoracic region, the concordance rate was 77.1{\%}, main thoracic 85.5{\%}, thoracolumbar 96{\%}, and lumbar 98.1{\%}. MRI has a poor overall accuracy for detecting Type C pedicles, only a 44.8{\%} concordance with CT scan. MRI overcalls Type B pedicles, often calling Type A pedicles Type B. Conclusions MRI is an inferior alternative to CT scan as it has poor accuracy to properly detect pedicle abnormalities. The more severe the pedicle abnormality, the less diagnostic value the MRI has. Level of Evidence Level III, diagnostic.",
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AU - Sarwahi, Vishal

AU - Amaral, Terry

AU - Wendolowski, Stephen

AU - Gecelter, Rachel

AU - Sugarman, Etan

AU - Lo, Yungtai

AU - Wang, Dan

AU - Thornhill, Beverly Ann

PY - 2016/11/1

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N2 - Study Design Retrospective review of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomographic (CT) scan imaging modalities. Objective To determine MRI's capability of identifying pedicle morphology. Summary of Background Data Understanding pedicle morphology is important for accurate placement of pedicle screws. The gold standard modality to assess pedicle morphology is CT scan. However, CT scans carry the risk of radiation exposure. We have studied MRI as a potential alternative to CT scan. Methods Nine hundred seventy pedicles in 33 spinal deformity patients were reviewed. Pedicle morphology was classified as follows: Type A (normal pedicle): >4-mm cancellous channel; Type B: 2–4-mm channel; Type C: any size cortical channel; and Type D: <2-mm cortical or cancellous channel. Pedicles in the same patients were classified on both low-dose CT scan and MRI. Concordance and discordance rates of MRI relative to CT scan in classification of pedicles into types A, B, C, and D were calculated for the entire length of the thoracolumbar spine and subgrouped into spinal sections. All images were evaluated by a single fellowship-trained musculoskeletal radiologist. Results CT scan had 809 Type A, 126 Type B, 29 Type C, and 6 Type D pedicles. Group II (MRI) had 735 Type A, 203 Type B, 30 Type C, and 2 Type D pedicles. Analysis of the entire spinal column showed a concordance rate of 86.7% in classification of the pedicles into the 4 types. In the upper thoracic region, the concordance rate was 77.1%, main thoracic 85.5%, thoracolumbar 96%, and lumbar 98.1%. MRI has a poor overall accuracy for detecting Type C pedicles, only a 44.8% concordance with CT scan. MRI overcalls Type B pedicles, often calling Type A pedicles Type B. Conclusions MRI is an inferior alternative to CT scan as it has poor accuracy to properly detect pedicle abnormalities. The more severe the pedicle abnormality, the less diagnostic value the MRI has. Level of Evidence Level III, diagnostic.

AB - Study Design Retrospective review of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomographic (CT) scan imaging modalities. Objective To determine MRI's capability of identifying pedicle morphology. Summary of Background Data Understanding pedicle morphology is important for accurate placement of pedicle screws. The gold standard modality to assess pedicle morphology is CT scan. However, CT scans carry the risk of radiation exposure. We have studied MRI as a potential alternative to CT scan. Methods Nine hundred seventy pedicles in 33 spinal deformity patients were reviewed. Pedicle morphology was classified as follows: Type A (normal pedicle): >4-mm cancellous channel; Type B: 2–4-mm channel; Type C: any size cortical channel; and Type D: <2-mm cortical or cancellous channel. Pedicles in the same patients were classified on both low-dose CT scan and MRI. Concordance and discordance rates of MRI relative to CT scan in classification of pedicles into types A, B, C, and D were calculated for the entire length of the thoracolumbar spine and subgrouped into spinal sections. All images were evaluated by a single fellowship-trained musculoskeletal radiologist. Results CT scan had 809 Type A, 126 Type B, 29 Type C, and 6 Type D pedicles. Group II (MRI) had 735 Type A, 203 Type B, 30 Type C, and 2 Type D pedicles. Analysis of the entire spinal column showed a concordance rate of 86.7% in classification of the pedicles into the 4 types. In the upper thoracic region, the concordance rate was 77.1%, main thoracic 85.5%, thoracolumbar 96%, and lumbar 98.1%. MRI has a poor overall accuracy for detecting Type C pedicles, only a 44.8% concordance with CT scan. MRI overcalls Type B pedicles, often calling Type A pedicles Type B. Conclusions MRI is an inferior alternative to CT scan as it has poor accuracy to properly detect pedicle abnormalities. The more severe the pedicle abnormality, the less diagnostic value the MRI has. Level of Evidence Level III, diagnostic.

KW - CT

KW - MRI

KW - Pedicle screws

KW - Radiation exposure

KW - Screw placement

KW - Spinal deformity

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