MRI features associated with high likelihood of conversion of radiologically isolated syndrome to multiple sclerosis

Joseph Bisulca, Amy De Lury, Patricia K. Coyle, Olga Syritsyna, Robert Peyster, Lev Bangiyev, Tim Q. Duong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS) is the asymptomatic precursor to clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) or primary progressive MS. RIS is frequently diagnosed when an individual gets an MRI for an unrelated medical issue, such as headache or trauma. Treating RIS patients is controversial, but physicians may be inclined to offer prophylactic treatment for high-risk RIS patients. Identifying imaging and clinical features associated with high likelihood of early clinical conversion may prove helpful to identify a high-risk subset for potential MS therapy. The goal of this paper is to review current literatures to identify imaging and clinical features that predict early (within 5 years) conversion from RIS to MS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101381
JournalMultiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders
Volume36
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain atrophy
  • Brain T2 lesions
  • Clinically isolated syndrome
  • Contrast-enhancement
  • Relapsing-remitting MS
  • Spinal cord lesions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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